Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough-or any-insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells.Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems.
As of 2015, a survey estimated 415 million people had diabetes worldwide, with type 2 DM making up about 90% of the cases. This represents 8.3% of the adult population, with equal rates in both women and men.
And there are 30.3 million people in the United States, or 9.4 percent of the population, had diabetes. More than 1 in 4 of them didn’t know they had the disease. Diabetes affects 1 in 4 people over the age of 65. About 90-95 percent of cases in adults are type 2 diabetes. The following is the difference about Type 1 and Type 2.
- Type 1 Diabetes – the body does not produce insulin. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.
- Type 2 Diabetes – the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. There are about 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide.
From 2012 to 2015, approximately 1.5 to 5.0 million deaths each year resulted from diabetes. Although diabetes has no cure, you can use medications and lifestyle changes, or take steps to manage your diabetes and stay healthy.
Prevention and treatment include maintaining a healthy diet, regular physical exercise, normal body weight, and avoiding use of tobacco and more. Control of blood pressure and maintaining proper mind are important for people with the disease.
You can join related anti-diabetes communities and events to fight for same target. For example, Walk to Stop Diabetes, is a meaningful activity. All the participants have the disease, and come together to stop diabetes and keep healthy, after physical exercise, you can receive your custom made medals as encourage gift. It’s a great award medal for your participation. The silver customized medals are made by GS-JJ, a professional custom medals maker with twenty more years experiences. And offers great custom design and services to clients.